Obtain the fulltext of most of my publications at Researchgate.


List of Scientific Publications


  • Meijer, E., Gebhardt, W.A., Van Laar, C., Kawous, R. & Beijk, S.C. A.M. (online first). Socio-economic status in relation to smoking: The role of (expected and desired) social support and quitter identity. Social Science and Medicine.
  • Papamikroulia, E., van Schie, C.M.H,  Schoenmaker, J., Boekelaar- vd Berge, A.& Gebhardt, W.A. (in press). Peer support needs amongst adults with burns. Journal of Burn Care and Research.


  • Groenenberg, I., Crone, M.R., van Dijk, S., Gebhardt, W.A., Ben Meftah, J., Middelkoop, B.J.C., Stiggelbout, A.M., & Assendelft W.J.J. (2015). “‘Check it out!’ Decision-making of vulnerable groups about participation in a two-stage cardiometabolic health check: a qualitative study”. Patient Education and Counseling, 98:234-344.
  • Huijg, J.M., van der Zouwe, N., Crone, M.R., Verheijden, M.W., Middelkoop, B.J.C., & Gebhardt, W.A. (2015). Factors influencing the introduction of physical activity interventions in primary health care: a qualitative study. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 95:539-557.
  • Huijg, J. M., Gebhardt, W. A., Verheijden, M. W., van der Zouwe, N., de Vries, J. D., Middelkoop, B. J., & Crone, M. R. (2015). Factors influencing primary health care professionals’ physical activity promotion behaviors: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22(1), 32-50.
  • Huijg, J.M., Dusseldorp, E., Gebhardt, W.A., Verheijden, M.W., van der Zouwe, N., Middelkoop, Duijzer, G. & Crone, M.R. (2015). Physical therapists’ physical activity intervention implementation and associated factors. Physical Therapy, 95:539-577.
  • Kenter, E.J., Gebhardt, W.A., Lottman, I., van Rossum, M., Bekedam, M. & Crone, M.R. (2015). The influence of life events on physical activity patterns of Dutch older adults: A life history method. Psychology & Health, 30:627-651.
  • Meijer, E., Gebhardt, W. A., Dijkstra, A., Willemsen, M. C., & Van Laar, C. (2015). Quitting smoking: The importance of non-smoker identity in predicting smoking behaviour and responses to a smoking ban. Psychology & Health, 30(12), 1387-1409.
  • Verkuil, B., Brosschot, J.F., Gebhardt, W.A., & Korrelboom, K. (2015). Goal linking and everyday worries in clinical work stress: a daily diary study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54(4): 378-390.


  • Huijg, J.M., Gebhardt, W.A., Crone, M.R., Dusseldorp, E. & Presseau, J. (2014). Discriminant content validity of a Theoretical Domains Framework questionnaire for use in implementation research. Implementation Science, 9:e11.
  • Huijg, J.M., Gebhardt, W.A., Dusseldorp, E., Verheijden, M. W., Middelkoop, B.J.C., Crone, M.R. (2014). Measuring determinants of implementation behavior: psychometric properties of a questionnaire based on the Theoretical Domains Framework. Implementation Science 9: e33
  • Rijsdijk, L.E. Bos, A.E.R., Lie, R., Leerlooijer, J.N., Eiling, E., Atema, V., Gebhardt, W.A. & Ruiter, R. (2014). Implementation of school-based comprehensive sex education programmes: A process evaluation of “The World Starts With Me” in Uganda. Health Education Research, 29:340-353.
  • Segar, M.L. & Gebhardt, W.A. (2014). Pursuing health-related goals. In: M.P. O’Donnell (Ed.). Health Promotion in the Workplace (4th ed).
  • Van der Horst, R.I., Dirksen, C.G., Gebhardt, W.A., Reis, R., Van Steenbergen, J. (2014). Beeldvorming over chronische hepatitis B: Wat weten Turkse virusdragers in Den Haag eigenlijk zelf van hun ziekte? Epidemiologisch Bulletin, 49(1), 11-16.


  • Van der Heiden, S., Gebhardt, W.A., Willemsen, M.C., Nagelhout, G.E., & Dijkstra, A. (2013). Behavioral and psychological responses of lower educated smokers to the smoke-free legislation in Dutch hospitality venues: A qualitative study. Psychology & Health, 28, 49-66.
  • Huijg, J.M., Crone, M.R., Verheijden, M.W., van der Zouwe, N., Middelkoop, B.J.C., & Gebhardt, W.A. Factors influencing the adoption, implementation, and continuation of physical activity interventions in PHC: a Delphi study. BMC Family Practice, 14, 142 (9 pages).
  • Jellema, I.J., Abraham, C., Schaalma, H.P., Gebhardt, W.A. & van Empelen, P. (2013). Predicting having condoms available among adolescents: the role of personal norm and enjoyment. British Journal of Health Psychology, 18(2), 453-468.
  • Casier, A., Goubert, L., Gebhardt, W.A., De Baets, F., Van Aken, S., Matthys, D. & Geert Crombez. (2013). Acceptance and well-being in adolescents with chronic illness: the mediating role of interference and facilitation of life goals by treatment goals. Psychology & Health, 28(11), 1337-1351.
  • Meijer, E., Gebhardt, W.A., van Laar, C., Willemsen, M. & Dijkstra, A. (2013). Het belang van zelfidentiteit en groepsidentiteit als voorspellers van kernreacties op het horecarookverbod. ASPO jaarboek 2013, pp. 137-139.


  • Gebhardt, W.A., van der Doef, M.P., Billingy, N. , Carstens, M. & Steenhuis, I. (2012). Preferences for condom placement in stores among young Dutch men and women: relationships with embarrassment and motives for having sex. Sexual Health, 9, 233-239
  • Nagelhout, G. E., Willemsen, M. C., Gebhardt, W. A., Van den Putte, B., Hitchman, S. C., Crone, M. R., Fong, G. T., Van der Heiden, S., & De Vries, H. (2012). Does smoke-free legislation and smoking outside bars increase feelings of stigmatization among smokers? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey. Health & Place, 18, 1436-1440.
  • Gebhardt, W.A. (2012). Leefstijlverandering in de huisarstenpraktijk. Modern Medicine, 6, 211-2013.


  • Menninga, K.M., Dijkstra, A., Gebhardt, W.A. & Siero, F. (2011). I’m better off now: The role of temporal comparisons and exposure evaluations in smoking cessation. Journal of Health Psychology, 16(7), 1082-1090.
  • Massey, E.K., Gebhardt, W.A., Garnefski, N. (2011). Goals in adolescence. In R.J. Levesque (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Adolescence (pp. 1188-1196). New York, New York: Springer.
  • De Vet, E., Gebhardt, W.A., Sinnige, J., de Wit, J.B.F., van Puffelen, A. & van Lettow, B. (2011). Implementation intentions for buying, carrying, discussing and using condoms: the role of quality of plans. Health Education Research, 26(3), 443-455.
  • Verkuil, B., Brosschot, J.F., Gebhardt, W.A. & Thayer, J.F. (2011). Perseverative cognition, psychopathology and somatic health. In: A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets & I. Nyklicek (Eds.). Emotion regulation and well-being (pp. 85-100). Springer Verlag.
  • Massey, E.K., Garnefski, N., Gebhardt, W.A., van der Leeden, R. (2011). A daily diary study on the independent and interactive effects of headache and self-regulatory factors on daily affect among adolescents. British Journal of Health Psychology. 16, 288-299.
  • Gebhardt, W.A. (2011). De veranderbaarheid van leefstijl in de huisartsenpraktijk. In: D.P. Engberts (Ed). Medisch-ethische casuistiek: Leefstijl-autonomie-professionaliteit (p.109-118). Leiden: Boerhaave/LUMC.


  • Presseau, J., Sniehotta, F.F., Francis, J.J. & Gebhardt, W.A. (2010). With a little help from my goals: Integrating intergoal facilitation with the theory of planned behaviour to predict physical activity. British Journal of Health Psychology, 15(4), 905-919.
  • Menninga, K.M., Dijkstra, A. & Gebhardt, W.A. (2010). Mixed feelings: Ambivalence as a predictor of relapse in ex-smokers. British Journal of Health Psychology, 16, 580-59.
  • Verkuil, B., Brosschot, J.F., Gebhardt, W.A. & Thayer, J.F. (2010). When worries make you sick: A review of perseverative cognition, the default stress response and somatic health. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 1, 87-118.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., van der Doef, M.P., Massey, E.K., Verhoeven, CJ.M. & Verkuil, B. (2010). Goal commitment to finding a partner and satisfaction with life among female singles: The mediating role of rumination. Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 122-130.


  • Ter Doest, L.T., Dijkstra, A., Gebhardt, W.A., & Vitale, S. (2009). Cognitions about smoking and not smoking in adolescence. Health Education & Behavior36(4), 660-672.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., van Empelen, P. & van Beurden, D. (2009). Predicting preparatory behaviors for condom use in female undergraduate students: A one-year follow-up study. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 20, 161-164.
  • Massey, E.K., Garnefski, N. & Gebhardt, W.A. (2009). Goal frustration, coping and wellbeing in the context of adolescent health: A self-regulation approach. European Journal of Pain, 13, 977-984.
  • Massey, E.K., Garnefski, N., Gebhardt, W.A., & van der Leeden, R. (2009). Daily frustration, cognitive coping and coping efficacy in adolescent headache: A daily diary study. Headache, 49 (8), 1198-1205.
  • Massey, E.K, Gebhardt, W.A.. & Garnefski, N. (2009). Self-generated goals and goal process appraisals: Relationships with sociodemographic factors and well-being. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 501-518.


  • Gebhardt, W.A. (2008). On multiple goals and continuous conflict. European Health Psychologist, 10(2), 25-28.
  • Gebhardt, W.A. (2008). The importance of dynamic goal interaction. In: P.I. Eddington & U.V. Mastolli (Eds.). Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (pp. 7-10). Hauppauge NY: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Massey, E.K, Gebhardt, W.A. & Garnefski, N. (2008). Adolescent goal content and pursuit: A review of the literature from the past 16 years. Developmental Review, 28, 421-460.


  • Gebhardt, W.A. (2007). The role of goal facilitation and goal conflict in motivation. In: L.V. Brown (Ed.). Psychology of Motivation (pp.129-140). Hauppauge NY: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., Ter Doest, L., Dijkstra, A., Maes, S., Garnefski, N., De Wilde, E.J. & Kraaij, V. (2007). The facilitation of important personal goals through exercise. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 105, 546-548.


  • Van Empelen, P., Gebhardt, W.A. & Dijkstra, A. (2006). The silent need for a positive self: Why health is not the central human motive in unhealthy and healthy behaviors. Netherlands Journal of Psychology, 62(1), 42-50.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., Kuyper, L. & Dusseldorp, E. (2006). Condom use at first intercourse with a new partner in female adolescents and young adults: The role of cognitive planning and motives for having sex. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35(2), 217-223.
  • Gebhardt, W.A. (2006). Contextualizing health behaviors: The role of personal goals. In: D. de Ridder & J. de Wit (Eds.). Self-regulation in health behavior. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Ter Doest, L.T., Maes, S., Gebhardt, W.A. & Koelewijn, H. (2006). Personal goal facilitation through work: implications for employee satisfaction and wellbeing. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55(2), 192-219.


  • Tromp, D.M., Brouha, X.D.R., Hordijk, G.J., Winnubst, J.A.M., De Leeuw, J.R.J., Gebhardt, W.A. &. van der Doef, M.P. (2005). Medical care-seeking and health-risk behavior in patients with head and neck cancer: The role of health value, control beliefs and psychological distress. Health Education Research, 20(6), 665-675.


  • Gebhardt, W.A., Kuyper, L., & Greunsven, G. (2003). Need for intimacy in relationships and motives for sex as determinants of adolescent condom use. Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(3), 154-164.
  • Kraaij, V., Garnefski, N., de Wilde, E.J., Dijkstra, A., Gebhardt, W.A., Maes, S., & ter Doest, L. (2003). Negative life events and depressive symptoms in late adolescence: Bonding and cognitive coping as vulnerability factors? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 32(3), 185-193.


  • Gebhardt, W.A. & Brosschot, J.F. (2002). Desirability of control: Psychometric properties and relationships with locus of control, personality, coping, mental and somatic complaints in three Dutch samples. European Journal of Personality, 16(6), 423-438.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., Kuyper, L., & Greunsven, G. (2002). Meaning of relationships and motives for sex with steady and casual partners. In: I. Real, T. Bothelho, J. Pais Ribeiro (Eds.) Health through the life cycle: A life span perspective (pp.119-123). Lisbon: Instituto Superior de Psicologica Aplicada.


  • Gebhardt, W.A., Doef, M.P. van der & Paul, L. (2001). The revised Dutch Health Hardiness Inventory (RHHI-24): Psychometric properties and relationship with self-reported health behavior and health in two Dutch samples. Health Education Research, 16(5), 579-592.
  • Gebhardt, W.A. & Maes, S. (2001). Integrating social-psychological frameworks for health behavior research. American Journal of Health Behavior, 25(6), 528-536.
  • Dijkstra, A., Sweeney, L. & Gebhardt, W.A. (2001). Social cognitive determinants of drinking in young adults: Beyond the alcohol expectancies paradigm. Addictive Behaviors, 26(5), 689-706.

Before 2000

  • Maes, S. & Gebhardt, W.A. (2000). Self‑regulation and health behaviour: The health behaviour goal model. In: M. Boekaerts, P.R. Pintrich & M. Zeidner (Eds.). Handbook of self‑regulation. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., Doef, M.P. van der & Maes, S. (1999). Conflicting activities for exercise. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 89(3), 1159-1160.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., Dusseldorp, E. & Maes, S. (1999). Measuring transitions through stages of exercise behaviour: Application of latent transition analysis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 88(3), 1097-1106.
  • Gebhardt, W.A. & Maes, S. (1998). Competing personal goals and exercise behaviour. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 86(3), 755‑759.
  • Gebhardt, W.A. (1994). Effectiveness of training to prevent job-related back pain: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33(4), 571-574.
  • Brosschot, J.F., Gebhardt, W.A. & Godaert, G.L.R. (1994). Internal, powerful others and chance locus of control: Relationships with personality, coping, stress and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 16(6), 839-852.
  • Gebhardt, W.A., Sorbi, M.J. & Spierings, E.L.H. (1991). Mood states and the occurrence of migraine attacks. Headache Quarterly, 2(2), 124-129.